Today, concrete paving stones are often used in driveways and gardens, they are relatively easy to lay, but can also form artistically demanding patterns. Concrete paving stones are primarily characterized by a low price and a good ecological balance.
Where to pave - and why
Paved paths not only offer a clean look in house driveways and gardens, but they also form a smooth surface that is easy to walk on and drive on and also better protected from dirt than just leveled paths. There is also less risk of tripping accidents on paved paths than on unpaved surfaces. Pavement is therefore not only an optical means and a protection against the polluting influences of adverse weather, but also a means to increase the security around the house and garden.
- Also read - prices for concrete paving stones
- Also read - prices for concrete paving stones
- Also Read - Concrete Paving Slab Price List
Concrete pavement versus granite pavement
Granite paving stones are considered to be the hardest, most resilient and natural material for paving. Their main disadvantage is the high weight, the significantly higher price and the smaller selection of colors and patterns. In addition, granite paving is sometimes more difficult to lay than concrete paving stones.
So the advantages of concrete paving stones are:
- lower price
- greater variety
- lighter weight - this plays an important role in transports and deliveries, for example
- much easier to lay
The only disadvantage is that it is less durable than granite, but hardly anyone actually counts paving in durability categories of several hundred years, and even concrete paving can survive many decades undamaged if it has been laid correctly.
Cost of concrete pavement and granite pavement
As with all building materials, the top cost is always almost unlimited when it comes to special and exotic materials - but here are some guide prices for better orientation:
Concrete paving stones cost around 7 - 9 euros per square meter in simple designs, some special offers or remaining items are even significantly lower. For the upper class you have to calculate about twice as much, around 16-18 euros per square meter. However, the upper limit for certain premium products is not infrequently 60 - 100 euros per square meter or even more.
Other criteria also play a role for the price:
- Shape of the concrete paver
- Required amount, larger amounts are often significantly cheaper
- Presence of any remaining stock or special items
In comparison, granite paving stones are significantly more expensive: the guide price here is around 38 euros per ton, i.e. inexpensive stones, which mostly come from China, start at around 15 euros per square meter, but good stone material from somewhat closer production is not infrequently 80 Euros per square meter and often well above that. In contrast to concrete blocks, other price criteria also apply to granite paving stones, namely
- Degree of hardness - measured on a scale from 1-10, with a value of 8 you already have one of the hardest natural stones that exist
- Surface texture and
Quantities also play a certain role here, of course, but not as much as with concrete paving stones.
Ecological balance of concrete paving stones compared to granite paving stones
Granite is a natural material, but the overall ecological balance is significantly worse than that of concrete paving stones, since granite is a deep rock that has to be mined at great expense. Much of the cheap production comes from China, which means long transport routes and a correspondingly high level of CO2 pollution. Concrete, on the other hand, is mostly produced locally, and the raw materials for concrete are natural materials, even if the building material itself is produced industrially. Overall, concrete paving stones are therefore significantly more ecological than the natural material granite.
A look back
In the Middle Ages only the streets of very important cities were paved, and often not continuously. The rest of the landscape had to be content with very simple cart paths, which were often deeply muddy when it rained and in spring and were hardly accessible by carts. The Romans were more progressive: the Roman roads located on dams, the course of which can still be seen today, were in Roman times something like continuously paved "highways " which enabled fast and safe movement of people, and above all goods and troops thus contributed significantly to the success of the Romans in Europe. Its construction was a monumental achievement.
Laying concrete paving stones
Armed with a rubber mallet, straightedge and cord, the do-it-yourselfer can also dare to lay the concrete blocks. In any case, the preparation of the subfloor is important when laying, it is extremely important for the later load-bearing capacity of the concrete pavement.
The substrate preparation includes:
- Mark out the paved area and remove around 15-20 cm of soil
- Laying out the floor with a fleece, filling the floor with a thin layer of gravel to create a stable foundation
- Fill up with fine joint sand and carefully level off with the straight edge so that an even laying surface is created
When laying yourself, you should proceed as follows:
- The paving stones should be laid, curbs first, at a distance of around 3 - 5 millimeters. Knock on with the rubber mallet and make sure that it is exactly horizontal and at the right height, check it frequently with the spirit level.
- After the installation has been completed, sweep in fine joint sand until it solidifies and firmly connects the paving stones.
Depending on your requirements, concrete paving stones can be laid in a cross lattice as well as in a braided fence, ornament or strip lattice bandage, and patterns can also be laid like a mosaic, possibly also with paving stones in different colors.
Prices for craft services in paving
The costs for paving work sometimes differ depending on the company - but also depending on the area to be paved, local conditions and desired stones, but on average they are in a price range of around 50 - 100 euros per square meter including (cheaper) stones and without special laying patterns.