Conventional paint does not adhere or stick to lead. If you want to paint lead surfaces, you have to use specially developed opaque coatings. In most cases, lead-adhering paints can be found in paint products for roofs. When "fresh" lead is painted, durability increases as the paint participates in the passivation process.
Composition of special lead paints
If lead sheet is to be used in roof construction, it is advisable to choose colored lead sheet for flat areas such as cladding or as roof tiles. The coloration allows use on both sides and saves painting.
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If existing and mounted lead surfaces are to be painted, specially developed coatings must be selected. They are characterized by three composition factors:
1. The base of the binders consists of PVC and acrylic.
2. The color pigments are mixed in together with extenders
3. Aromatics, aliphates and glycolets are included as solvents
Universal colors are controversial
The special paints for lead surfaces have an average shelf life of around five years. They cannot tolerate mechanical loads and are sensitive to abrasion. It is important to specify a product that will also be used for future coatings. Ideally, a stock is stored in order to carry out later repainting.
Many manufacturers offer "universally " durable roof paints that mostly work on a dispersion basis. In the list of possible coating substrates, lead is often also listed alongside other metals. These all-rounders are controversial among experts because they are more or less only "glued" to the lead. Even with the usual temperature fluctuations on roofs, shelf lives of just one year are not uncommon.
Special paints react chemically with lead
The special colors, which are designed to chemically participate in natural passivation through oxidation, can ideally increase their durability over the long term. The highest quality products are designed for metal surfaces and are not suitable for other coating substrates such as fiberboard or cement. In general, the most promising paint types are the most toxic with the highest levels of solvent.Tips & Tricks If you want to paint small components made of sheet metal or cast lead, you can also try out heat-resistant polyurethane or epoxy resin paints. But always only apply layers of the same product. Primers or primers have a counterproductive effect on lead surfaces, as they cause reactions inherent in the material.