the front door dams

Modern house doors from the 1990s are usually well-insulated. But older house doors are often insignificant insulated. How to dam a front door and whether it is basically worthwhile and can be feasible here.

House doors without adequate insulation

In the 1990s, more and more plastic door doors came up, which are characterized by an already very good thermal insulation. But until in the 1980s, this type of insulation was almost unknown. In addition, in the 70s and 80s, alut doors with a glass insert, which have anything but good thermal insulation values.

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In the case of even older house doors, there may be an additional problem that it is a door that is worth preserving or that there are even monument protection requirements. This is often countered by the fact that according to the Energy Saving Ordinance EnEV, a certain U-value (heat transfer coefficient W / (qm * K) must be achieved.

The U-value of front doors

This value to be complied with is the lowest for new buildings. The current values can be found in the currently valid version of the EnEV. Below are the values that different front doors have:

  • Solid wood 40 mm or plastic 90s: 2.2 U
  • Solid wood 60 mm, plastic door around 2000: 1.6 to 1.8 U
  • Wood or plastic with extensive glazing (wired glass): 4.5 U
  • Uninsulated aluminum doors (1970s, 1980s) with large-area glazing: greater than 4.5 U

Isolation of aluminum doors

These aluminum doors in particular pose a major problem when it comes to insulating. The reason: the frame profiles are continuous from the outside to the inside. Any chambers inside are not only not insulated, but also thermally connected to one another. Even with good insulation, these continuous profiles will therefore represent a continuous thermal bridge.

Insulate even older doors

For old doors that are to be kept as they are, a vestibule can be fitted with a heavy curtain. However, this is not recommended for these aluminum doors, as the door cools down even more. Permanently massive condensation, which even forms puddles on the floor, can no longer be avoided. If you want to insulate such a door to some extent, you can insulate it first.

Techniques for reasonably good thermal insulation

By using insulating glass, the U-value can already be reduced to 2.5 to 3. The inner chambers can be insulated with PU foam or appropriate insulating flakes for thermal insulation. The flakes are blown in. However, the thermal bridge remains and is still an obstacle to efficient thermal insulation. You could also attach a pressboard or plastic sheet to the inside. To do this, however, a vapor barrier must be installed beforehand.

Insulating older house doors is complex and often inadequate

If you can even use triple thermal insulation glass to insulate the glass surface, you can lower the U-value even better. However, experts will tell you again and again that it is almost impossible to insulate old house doors really well within an economically viable framework.

Other weak points and insulation options at the entrance area

However, there are more weak points on the door. In older buildings there is often a small stair landing. In all other houses, the floor slab extends outside. You need to check whether the outer base plate or the pedestal is thermally decoupled from the inner plate. If this is not the case, it is also a massive thermal bridge. In the next summer you should definitely decouple the indoor from the outdoor area.

A vestibule in front of or behind the front door

Circumferential seals can also do a lot to improve insulation. Ultimately, there is also the option already mentioned of installing a heavy curtain, as is known from bars. Another option: a vestibule with its own front door. Especially with existing stair landings, you can wall them up and cover them with a roof.

You can leave your own house doors that are worth preserving

There is no need for heating there. But the extremely cold outside air can no longer reach the uninsulated front door that is now inside. If there is no space outside, you can turn part of the interior into a vestibule. Then you have to put a second, efficiently insulated front door one or two meters after the front door. You can proceed like this for exterior doors and monument protection requirements that are worth preserving.

Tips & Tricks The house journal offers you numerous different articles on the subject of "Front doors ". For example, you will learn how to paint your front door.