Former commercial halls that are being converted and rededicated for residential purposes are known as lofts. Construction and approval costs are very high. The later high maintenance costs must also be taken into account. In most cases, converting a warehouse into an apartment is only worthwhile as the owner.
Approval and admission
Before the conversion of a warehouse into living space is planned, the basic legal aspects must be checked. Residential, mixed and commercial areas are shown in the development plans of cities and municipalities. In a purely commercial area, it may generally be forbidden to create living space.
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The property itself is usually subject to changes that are effective externally and that require approval. This includes facade designs and cladding, wall openings for windows, doors and skylights and the installation of technical systems such as exhaust gas discharge systems, canopies and roof structures.
In the interior of the warehouse, approval is based on the regulations of the state building authorities for residential buildings. This applies to the statics of load-bearing and non-load-bearing walls and false ceilings, electrical and sanitary installations, heating systems and energy efficiency and fire protection.
Technical checklist for expansion
The following planning and work steps are roughly required when converting a warehouse into an apartment:
1. Check basic approval capability
2. Remove the core from the warehouse and restore it to the shell
3. Define changes to the building envelope such as openings (windows / doors)
4th. Plan insulation-relevant calculations and structural implementation
5. Design interior fittings for approval (fire protection / statics)
6th. Select windows, doors and facade design
7th. Substantial construction measures such as ground reinforcement and interior wall cladding
8th. Plan the installation of pipes, ducts, pipes and chimneys
9. Select materials and materials for walls, ceilings and mezzanines
10. Plan and organize auxiliary construction equipment such as ladders, platforms, pulley blocks, cranes and scaffolding
Provided that the construction requirements are followed, there are many creative design options. Mezzanine floors with spiral staircases, for example only drawn in on one side in the form of a balustrade, increase the living space. Suspended ceilings, even partially, create "cozy " corners of retreat in the high warehouse.
Movable partitions and room dividers such as heavy curtains or roll-up walls can make the room to be heated smaller in winter. Sound-absorbing ceiling structures improve the overall acoustics of the warehouse.Tips & Tricks Almost every warehouse already had sewerage and drainage connections during its commercial use. You can save a lot of money if you plan your sanitary facilities close to the existing facilities.