In a certain way, the dry stone wall is the direct counterpart to the conventionally brick wall. In the drywall, the individual stones are not only connected by a binding agent such as mortar. Instead, the individual stones are tilted in such a way that the entire dry stone wall remains stable. However, the special features of structural engineering must be taken into account. In the following, we have therefore created instructions for you on how you can create a dry stone wall yourself.
Dry stone walls - this is traditional construction technology
Dry stone walls are probably among the oldest structures known to man. Millennia ago, antiquity, the Middle Ages or today - you will always find dry stone walls. Numerous dry stone walls are several hundred years old, some even older. As a result, dry stone walls are also exceptionally stable - if they were built professionally.
- Also read - The price of your natural stone drywall
- Read also - The stones for a dry stone wall
- Also Read - Putting a Drywall
The foundation of the drywall
First of all, the foundation is important here. In contrast to a brick wall, however, you do not have to pour a concrete foundation. Rather, you use gravel or crushed stone, then put a layer of construction sand on top of it. The gravel layer has a capillary-breaking effect. This means that in winter, water that has accumulated under the wall can freeze and still expand. This does not affect the stability. Under "drywall foundation " you will receive further information.
Dimensioning of a dry wall
As a rule of thumb, the wall should have at least one third of the height in width. In addition, 40 cm are considered the absolute minimum thickness for a dry wall. A 1.50 m high wall should therefore have a wall foot of at least 50 cm thickness, which are allowed to rejuvenate too 40 cm.
The plants of a dry wall
If you want to plant your drywall, it is advisable to make this planting together the actual creating of the dry wall. The plants for the dry wall must be according to different criteria (including wall crown, joints, wall socket, sunny, shady, etc.) choose.
Building materials for your dry wall
As building materials come the most diverse stones. Mostly, dry walls consist of natural rocks. This can be cut, untreated, split, sanded (natural as well as artificial etc. be:
Of course, this list is not exhaustive. Pay particular attention to rocks that are frost-resistant.
Step-by-step instructions for building a drywall
- Gravel or crushed stone (foundation)
- Construction sand (foundation)
- Earth, lean
- Digging tools (shovel, spade, hoe)
- alternatively mini excavator
1. Preliminary work
Sort the stones: large, heavy stones for the base. For the wall area, large main stones and small stones for wedging. For the top of the wall as long as possible and, above all, the most beautiful stones. Pay attention to the stratification of sedimentary rocks such as sandstone.
Then you also have to sort the plants (wall crown, base and joints). You also need to consider shady and sunny areas.
2. First work
First of all, you need to create the foundation. Excavate the foundation laterally and 10 cm further in length. Otherwise, you can follow in detail the instructions for creating a foundation for the drywall. You may have to carry out the compression in several steps.
3. Place the first row of stones
In the smoothly painted building sand (approx. 10 cm layer thickness) stones are now laid for the wall base. These are pressed several centimeters into the sand bed. You can leave a space of up to 2 fingers between the butt joints. Backfill the inside with mother earth, also fill in mother earth on the top of the stones.
4th. Lay out all other rows of stones
Now you can place all the other stones. The joints must never be directly above one another. Rather, they should be evenly offset from one another. Also, make sure that the small stones are evenly distributed between the small stones for tilting and the large main stones. With each row of stones, you can plant them right away before you lay out the next row.
5. Applying the top of the wall
Finally, you now place the wall crown stones. Make sure that the height is even. In addition, the butt joints must be wide enough so that you can plant the joints immediately.Tips & Tricks When laying your drywall, make sure that no puddles can form, so that the water can run off at any time. Otherwise it would freeze here in winter.Also note local building regulations (municipal), the state building regulations and of course building law as well as the zoning plan. From a height of 2 m, the wall must be statically calculated and approved by the office.