Recognize gypsum plaster ",

After buying an older property, extensive wall renovations are often pending. The first thing to do here is to check the existing building fabric. Old plaster rarely reveals at first glance what material it is made of.

Visible properties and texture

Since gypsum is not suitable for outdoor use, the presence of old gypsum plaster on the facade can generally be excluded. On the outer facade, gypsum plaster is damaged by the weather and frost. If necessary, you can identify it based on such damage. Then the property would have been improperly plastered in the past and you would have to fear deeper consequential damage.

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Gypsum plaster can have been used in all interior spaces. Its structure is fine and smooth, the original color is white. Gypsum plaster has a softer surface than cement plaster, for example. He's not very resilient. If the plaster is easy to scratch with a screwdriver or similar tool, it is probably gypsum plaster. The pure visual inspection and superficial quality inspection are only reliably possible if you have the appropriate experience.

Plaster detection test

You can check an indefinable plaster wall with the help of a little hydrochloric acid (€ 6.95 on Amazon *). To do this, put a few drops of the acid on the plaster. The acid reacts differently depending on the type of cleaning material. Lime plaster swells up a little. Plaster of paris, on the other hand, does not change.

Gypsum plaster can trap moisture. Thoroughly water a small area of the wall with a dripping wet sponge. Hit a nail in the wet spot. Now wait a day or two. Use a pair of pliers to pull the nail out again. If rust has formed on the nail, it is very likely that it is gypsum plaster.

Tips & Tricks If you cannot clearly determine the existing building fabric, consult a specialist to be on the safe side. The incorrect renovation of individual building elements such as masonry and interior walls leads to major structural damage and high repair costs in the long term.