Laying the wooden floor - step by step instructions

Laying a wooden floor on a substructure made of slats is possible for every do-it-yourselfer with a little care and patience. You do not need a lot of special tools for this, nor any special prior knowledge. You can find step-by-step instructions on how to lay a wooden floor yourself on a battens here.

Laying a wooden floor step by step

  • Jigsaw
  • Table saw (159.00 € at Amazon *)
  • Japanese saw
  • screwdriver
  • Cordless screwdriver
  • Bat
  • Rubber mallet
  • Drill (€ 48.00 at Amazon *)
  • Spirit level
  • Folding rule
  • pencil
  • Vapor barrier
  • Wooden floorboards
  • Slats
  • Pieces of felt / painter's fleece
  • Also read - Filling joints in wooden floors - Step by step instructions
  • Also read - Gluing Wooden Floors - Step by Step
  • Also read - Laying corrugated bitumen sheets - step by step instructions

1. Check and level the subsurface

If you want to lay the wooden floor on screed, you should at least lay out a vapor barrier on the ground floor. In addition, the substrate must be dry and free of cracks. If the substructure is to be screwed onto a joist layer, you should check the joists for load-bearing capacity and condition.

2. Establish battens

Find out what spacing the slats of the substructure can have in order to match the thickness of your planks. Even particularly strong floorboards cannot be extended indefinitely. The distance between the battens is usually around 40 centimeters.

The battens must be screwed on securely. If the subsurface is not completely even, small, thin wooden plates should compensate for the differences. To prevent the slats from squeaking later, you should put strips of felt or painter's fleece underneath. Impact sound insulation works in a similar way, but can in turn squeak itself if it is impact sound insulation made of Styrofoam. This anti-squeak feature is particularly important with a screed or concrete floor.

3. Screw on the boards

Tongue and groove planks must be neatly pushed together with a suitable hammer. Tongue and groove must not be damaged in the process. Most hardware stores offer suitable batons. Otherwise, you can make the practical aid yourself from a piece of the new planks.

With most types of wood, it makes sense to pre-drill the holes for the screws. Use a thin wood drill bit, the diameter of which is a little thinner than the screw in question. By pre-drilling, you prevent your floor board from tearing over time due to the pressure load.

4th. Protect and seal wood

The laying of the wood will probably not lie completely flat. You should therefore sand the floor after installation. This works best with a floor grinder from the hardware store. There the devices are borrowed by the hour.

You can then either paint or glaze the wooden floor. If you prefer the natural look, a light seal with wood wax or wood oil is of course sufficient. Then, however, when buying the wood, it is important to buy particularly high-quality varieties without strong grain. A large number of branches is also a hindrance in a naturally treated soil.

Tips & Tricks Pay attention to the residual moisture when buying wooden planks. If possible, this should not be more than ten percent. If you want to be absolutely sure that your wood is not too damp, there are small measuring devices in hardware stores for less than ten euros that can measure the residual moisture in wood as well as in masonry walls.