When renovating wooden stairs, the focus is usually on restoring the new appearance. Worn, scratched and dull treads should show their textures, colors and grains again. Side parts such as cheeks and risers can have faded and joints become bulky.
Restore and Renew
If you want to renovate wooden stairs, you have to plan the condition and the intended purpose. If it is an antique wooden staircase, renovating is equivalent to restoring it. The original condition of the wooden stairs should be restored as closely as possible. With on-site decorative elements such as carvings or relief representations on the cheeks or turned stair posts and railings, this can go far beyond a conventional renovation.
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In the case of wooden stairs that are partially covered with coverings, the renovation and, if necessary, replacement of the stair coverings are also part of the repairs. The same applies to painted or otherwise sealed stairs, where the wooden surface has to be exposed again. In the planning it must be decided whether a new seal or coating is intended or whether the wood should remain "open ".
The steps involved in renovating your wooden staircase
Check the condition of the tread surfaces for abrasion, soiling, deformation and unevenness or worn areas. Also take into account the edges of the steps. Test whether individual steps creak or the stairs creak. Locate cracks or scratches in the stair varnish and any joint expansion.
2. Cleaning including removing deposits
Remove all loose dirt and dust from all surfaces of the stairs. If there are carpets on the steps, remove them without leaving any residue. Since you will continue to work on the step surfaces later, adhesives that have penetrated into grooves and grooves can only be rubbed off on the surface.
Depending on the condition of the wooden stairs, you have to decide whether you want to expose the damaged areas before carrying out major repairs such as filling or leveling the stairs. With an initial sanding down of the stairs, you will expose cracks in the wood, chips and bumps. You can fill the damaged areas with wood putty. As an alternative to sanding, sandblasting the stairs can be sufficient to expose the damage.
After the first sanding and repairing of the damaged areas, you can start to restore the former surface texture according to the surface condition of the wooden stairs. If there is old varnish on the stair elements, stripping the stairs can also be promising in addition to sanding them off.
5. Post processing
After exposing and sanding the wooden surfaces, finish the renovation with a final treatment. You can choose between:
- Painting with colored or clear lacquer
- Glazing with changes in brightness and contrast
- Painting with opaque and abrasion-resistant paint
- Coating with carpet, PVC or linoleum