Basement floor slab is the deepest part of the house

The floor slab of a cellar is part of the house envelope and limits the building to the ground. It fulfills a central function as insulation against moisture and cold. It is poured flat and the cellar walls are walled up on the sides. In the case of the "white tub", the basement soles are particularly reinforced.

Waterproof and tension-free

The floor slab in the basement, together with the basement walls, must keep the basement dry. To do this, it must on the one hand keep out oppressive moisture and also suppress the formation of condensation through its nature. These functions are fulfilled by water-impermeable special concrete, which is briefly referred to as waterproof concrete.

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In addition to the insulation and water protection properties, the floor slab in the basement must not have any tension due to weight loading. It must be able to support the basement walls and the weight of the house on them without torsion. Proper reinforcement and masonry guarantees the necessary "flexibility ".

Thermal insulation and excavation

In the case of basement rooms that have been redesignated as living space, the floor slab also forms the floor of the room. In this case, thermal insulation must also be installed. Living spaces in the basement are subject to the same energy and tightness regulations as the rest of the living space in the building. In addition, there must be a clearance of at least 2.40 meters from the ceiling after the insulation.

In most cases, the floor slab in the basement is poured into formwork on site. The excavation must begin up to a foot below the floor slab to provide space for the necessary ballast bed. For example, a pit of around three meters must be planned as the complete shaft depth for a basement at ground level.

In order to divert electrical current, building regulations require that the floor slab in the basement be earthed. The foundation earth is connected to the lightning rod.

Tips & Tricks Even if you are planning an unoccupied useful cellar, you should not do without thermal insulation. According to energy experts, suitable insulation saves five to ten percent heating energy.