Pine wood does not have quite as outstanding properties as spruce wood, but it has its own advantages. You can find out what properties you can expect from pine wood and what you should pay attention to when processing, as well as much more about pine wood, here.
|Bulk density||0.33-0.89 g / cm³|
|Medium density||418 - 430 kg / m³ depending on the type|
|Compressive strength||47-55 N / mm²|
|Flexural strength||80-100 N / mm²|
|Calorific value||4.2 kWh per kg, 1.500 kWh per cubic meter|
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Types of pine wood and DIN designations
|National designation according to DIN||jaw|
|Abbreviation according to DIN||AI|
|International designations according to DIN EN 13 556 and abbreviations||European species: Pine (PNSY, EU), Corsican pine (PNNL, EU), black pine (PNNN, EU), maritime pine (PNPN, EU), Weymouth pine (PNST, EU), Swiss stone pine or Swiss stone pine (PNCM, EU) nor the foreign species: Banks pine (PNBM, AM) and Siberian pine (PNSB, AS)|
The most important species is the so-called common pine, which is also known as Pinus sylvestris, and is simply referred to as pine. All other pine species have additional names in their names. The importance of the Corsican black pine has increased in recent years, and the Weymouth pine has also gained a certain importance.
Like spruce, pine wood can have annual rings of different widths. Nordic spruces are usually marked with evenly wide annual rings. Resinous spots and galls can occur. Resin channels are clearly visible to the naked eye (different from fir wood, which has no resin channels).
Pine wood is usually yellowish to reddish, the sapwood is in most cases a little lighter in color. The heartwood, however, quickly darkens and can take on a dark yellow to even red-brown color. The coloring can take on a typical hue depending on the location.
The weight and strength of individual types of pine, and also depending on the location, can vary considerably. Nordic pine species tend to be a bit firmer and more stable. The hardness of the wood is rather mediocre in all types.
Shrinkage and drying
Compared to spruce wood, pine wood shrinks more, but it warps less. While spruce has a clear tendency to crack and throw, this is visibly less the case with pine. Pine wood must be dried slowly, drying at high temperatures is not possible due to the resin content.
Pine wood is moderately weatherproof, with alpine trees the weather resistance can sometimes be a little higher. Sapwood in particular is extremely susceptible to fungal and insect infestation, and there is also a risk of blue stain.
Pine wood has a very high resin content, which can often cause problems when working. For example, surface treatments are often difficult, if not impossible, for pieces that are very resinous.
Pine wood is often used for windows and doors as well as in rustic interior design. Pine wood is also used as parquet and flooring and in furniture construction, often also as veneer. Weymouth pine is used as the model wood. Pine wood is also used industrially to manufacture paper and pulp.
The vast majority of pine wood is imported today; the countries of origin are mainly Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. Domestic pine wood is particularly valued in the Alpine region, where it is primarily the excellent alpine qualities.
As sawn timber, pine wood is around 400 - 550 EUR per m³ in the range of spruce, but less good qualities are often much cheaper in the timber trade and start at around 250 EUR per m³. Like all types of softwood, pine wood is significantly cheaper than beech wood as firewood. However, it also offers around a quarter less heating power and can separate resin splashes.
Here you will find an overview of all types of woodTips & Tricks In order to be able to stain or varnish moderately resinous pine wood, it must always be desiccated beforehand. Pine wood should also not be exposed to heat.