Possible ways to expand a steel door

Since steel doors are used as fire protection doors in the majority of cases or have had this function in the past, the door hinges have anti-unhooking devices. They consist of transverse locking pins or bolts. In most cases, the return spring must also be relaxed.

No uniform mechanisms

Anyone who has to or wants to remove a steel door is faced with very different door hinge fastenings, depending on the age of the door and the manufacturer. If it is a current or former fire door, the range of functions is even greater. Before unhinging a fire door, as with any other door, it is always helpful to relieve the tensile pressure of the door leaf on the door hinges.

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Almost all steel doors secured against accidental unhooking have a bolt, a pivot rod or a metal pin inside the door hinge. Storage and retention can be ensured in different ways. Apart from the lateral adjusting screws and socket pins or tenons, the round middle parts can almost always be knocked out up or down. In the case of very old steel doors, penetrating oil helps to make them accessible.

How to remove a steel door

  • Wedges
  • hammer
  • Mandrel (4-6mm)
  • Allen key

1. Locate adjusting screws

You can usually find transverse adjusting screws on the upper and lower part of the hinge and in the middle part. Adjusting rings, screws or bolts attached to the head or foot end of the belt are usually used for spring tension.

2. Check screw type

The locking screws are mostly Allen screws that can be turned with an Allen key. So-called counter screws can only be loosened while holding the "screw back" at the same time. Some door hinges are secured with pressed-in screws that can only be removed by knocking them out with a punch.

3. Fix the wedges

When you have put together the wrench you need, slide two to four wedges into the lower gap in the door.

4th. Loosen the locking screws

Remove all set and locking screws or loosen them as far as possible.

5. Relax the spring

A perforated ring at the upper end of the door hinge often provides the spring tension. You have to hit the ring with the mandrel hole by hole and, if necessary, let the retaining bolt "wander". Finally, knock out the center bolt or retaining pin.

Tips & Tricks The dead weight of a steel door, which is usually between sixty and eighty kilograms, should not be underestimated. At least two strong people should be present when removing. While the spring is relaxing on the door hinge, it must be expected that the door will close.