If walls are not strong enough - or appear to be - there is a static problem. When this can occur and the possible causes, you will find out in detail in this article. In addition, how you can strengthen walls afterwards.
Reasons for insufficiently stable walls
There can be a number of reasons why a wall is insufficiently stable. New buildings are often structural defects when static problems arise. Planning errors, on the other hand, are rather rare. During execution, for example:
- Also read - It's easy to wall corners
- Also read - Decorative masonry
- Also read - Building properly - how to build walls properly
- a mortar (7.79 € at Amazon *) with too little load-bearing capacity may have been used
- the compressive strength of the bricks will be too low
- incorrectly bricked or concreted
- At individual points, higher loads may have been generated than planned
The individual cause must be determined by an expert in any case. Research into the cause is usually time-consuming and difficult. In many cases, several causes are responsible for the structural shortage.
Reasons in the old building
Especially with old houses, the load-bearing capacity often decreases. These are often signs of aging in the masonry. Other reasons can be a foundation that is too weak or simply a wall thickness that is too weak.
In the past, static calculations were not used, but rather a sense of proportion was often used. If later additions or modifications were made, the old "proportioned walls " were often no longer able to cope with the additional load, or they were dimensioned too small from the outset.
Damage to the masonry due to permanent stress (pressure load, weather, moisture, washing out of the wall due to salinization, etc.).) can damage masonry and make it less stable.
Basically you can strengthen a wall by putting a second wall in front of it and connecting both walls firmly. However, this will not be practicable in all cases and is usually only a solution in old buildings. Pillars or posts can also help to absorb the excessive weight of a ceiling and relieve the wall.
In new buildings, H-beams or steel beams are often retrofitted to better distribute ceiling loads. In many cases, however, it is also worth completely replacing walls there, especially if damage is noticed particularly early. Subsequent reinforcements are usually much less complex and just as effective.Tips & Tricks A foundation that is not stable enough can be strengthened by a targeted undertaking of the wall so that it is adequately supported again. This can often be necessary as an additional measure in the case of subsidence.