Solder with lead and tin

If metal is to be connected to one another, soldering conductive contact points is often the best solution, especially in the electrical engineering sector. Pipes and cables can also be easily connected with alloys made of lead and tin or equipped with components such as cable lugs and seals.

Hard and soft soldering

There are two types of lead alloy soldering. In almost all cases of non-industrial soldering, soft work is done with maximum temperatures of 450 degrees Celsius. Brazing moves in the temperature range between 450 and 1100 degrees. While only soft soldering is used in electrical engineering, hard soldering is mostly used in the installation and connection of metal components.

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There are four common lead alloys in circulation as soft solders, which are usually referred to as solder tins. They have different compositions and processing temperatures. The lowest possible soldering temperatures are required, especially for sensitive electronic lines and components.

Proportion of lead in% Proportion of tin in% Proportion of copper in% Proportion of silver in% Temperature in ° C Type of connection
60 40 - - 235 Sheets
60 40 - - 183 Tinning
49 50 1 - 190 Electric cables
36 60 - 4th 180 Fine electronics / circuit boards

Keep soldering heat low

Soldering with lead alloys is a fine motor task, in which, above all, it must be avoided that the components, workpieces and substrates are exposed to excessive heat. In the electrotechnical area in particular, many components can be irreparably damaged and thus completely interrupt circuits. Even with installation connections that are to be soldered tightly, the heat generated must be distributed as far as possible. This is done by so-called point tacking, in which a few individual soldering points are first used for pre-fixing.

With lead and tin alloys, all common metallic building materials can be connected to one another in a conductive and / or tight manner using soft soldering. The durability of the soldered connection is limited. If large mechanical forces act on soldered joints, brazing or welding must be avoided. The following metals can be soft soldered:

  • Rolled lead
  • copper
  • Copper based alloys
  • Gunmetal
  • Mild steel
  • zinc
  • tin
Tips & Tricks When soldering with all types of lead, make sure that you dissipate the toxic fumes as well as possible. Normally, when soldering individual points on electrical connections and cables, it is sufficient to turn the nose away at the moment the solder is applied.