Leveling with the excavator - how does it work?

If the property looks like a lunar landscape after construction, there is no avoiding leveling. In this article you can read which methods can be used to achieve this and how to use an excavator for fine grading.

Options for leveling

Before leveling, the recognizable holes should be filled individually. As a rule, you then have a good view of where the main line on the property is.

  • Also read - Driving a walking excavator - this is how you can learn it
  • Also read - Driving an Excavator - A Brief Guide
  • Also read - Bagger: What costs have to be reckoned with?

Leveling can be done using different methods:

  • with the rake (only for very slight bumps)
  • with shovel and wheelbarrow
  • with the excavator's embankment shovel

Height marking

Before leveling, you should make a height mark in any case. To do this, put pegs into the earth at regular intervals, on which you can best mark the correct height in color.

If you connect the individual pegs with cords, you will usually be more successful in leveling the property. After the rough leveling, you still have to create a fine subgrade with the rake.


In most cases it is advisable to create a slope leading away from the house. In any case, you must make sufficient height markings for this, otherwise the slope will be uneven.

Use of the excavator shovel

With the excavator shovel, you can fill in deep bumps as well as pull the surface straight or on a slope.

However, this requires a lot of practice. To do this, turn the excavator shovel over and run it with your back over the surface until it is completely flat. This way, piece by piece, work your way forward from the back edge of the property. The applied humus must remain loose and must no longer be driven over with the excavator.

You can also use the excavator's leveling shovel for the rough subgrade. This allows you to push earth far enough to remove larger bumps. You then have to apply the humus to this leveled surface.

In any case, let the surface rest for 2 - 3 days and only then check again. You can also soak them thoroughly again before resting. The ground then settles better.

Tips & Tricks An excavator shovel can often be operated more sensitively if you are working at full throttle. However, this can vary from excavator to excavator.