The saddle roof is the most common and the oldest roof shape used. Almost all modern saddle roofs are built as a spinal or sparing roof. Which design variants it else in the saddle roof else, the following brief overview reveals.
Construction variants with the saddle roof
- Sparring roof, Kehlbalkendach or Pfettendach
- Hot roof or cold roof or:
Single or double-shell roof, ventilated or unchecked roof construction
- Different roof tags
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Sparring roof, Kehlbalkendach or Pfettendach
At the sparring roof, the rafters are opposite each other at a pointed angle and stiff against each other. The load is removed directly into the building walls.
The rafters can also be expelled in the transverse direction by laryngeal. The load is removed directly into the outer walls. This form is rarely used today.
The rafters are carried by Pfetten, which in turn are supported by stems. The load is removed here in the top floor ceiling.
Hot roof or cold roof
When warm roof - the switch-on roof construction - lie vapor barrier, insulation and roof skin directly.
At the cold roof - the double-shell roof construction - lies between the insulation and the roof skin an air gap. The roof skin is protected with a undervup track, the insulation with a vapor barrier. This allows air circulating and condensation is avoided.
Single and double-switched roof, ventilated and unchecked roof construction
These terms are merely synonyms for the warm and cold roof. They are usually used when a special construction should be described.
The term reversing roof refers to a roof construction with the above insulation.
Different roof tags
Saddle roofs can be built up in different inclination angles. A saddle roof with 30 ° roof pitch or less is called flat saddle roof.
Other common standard values for the roof pitch are 45 ° (angle roof or new German roof), 60 ° (Old Franconian) and 62 ° (Old German or Gothic roof).
Different roof tags are of course possible.Tips & Tricks warm and cold roofs each have their advantages and disadvantages. Before planning, one should fundamentally deal with these advantages and disadvantages. Also roofing insulation can sometimes be useful.