Exposed concrete consists of a cement and pebble stone mixture that is enriched with aggregates. During the pouring process, a slower setting of the cement is caused on one side, which enables the cement to be rinsed out on one side. There are two artisanal processes that are used in making it.
Retarders in the mold or direct washout
For the production of coarse-grained exposed aggregate concrete, the aids that delay the setting of the cement on the later surface of the exposed aggregate concrete are placed in the casting mold. A typical delay agent is sugar, which is placed in the mold on one side, for example on soaked paper or fabric. Other chemical retardants are also used.
- Also read - Filling exposed aggregate concrete and plastering
- Also read - Dispose of exposed aggregate concrete panels properly
- Also read - exposed aggregate concrete - the right coating for the new look
After pouring, the cement and stone mixture sets in all areas not touched by the retarder. After the correct drying or setting time, the exposed aggregate concrete is removed from the casting mold. The surface is washed out with a high pressure water jet and / or brushes. The uncured cement removed in this way exposes the pebbles or chippings.
In particular, exposed aggregate concrete with smaller grain sizes of pebbles and / or chippings can also be washed out directly. The freshly poured exposed aggregate concrete slabs are rinsed out with high pressure water pumps while still in the mold. This process is continued until the desired depth of rinsing and exposure of the stones or chippings is reached.
Produce exposed aggregate concrete yourself
The industrial principle of manufacturing can easily be converted to domestic use. Self-made wooden cladding for pouring the cement-stone mixture must be watertight. Absorbent paper or cardboard can be used to introduce the retarder. The arches are cut to the size of the exposed exposed aggregate concrete surface. They need to be dipped in a sugar solution or a chemical delay supplement available at a hardware store.
After the concrete has been poured, the delay arch is inserted into the casting mold and closed. It is also possible to insert the paper and pour the concrete beforehand. In this process, the surface to be washed later must be at the bottom and the stone or plate must be rotated after it has been removed.Tips & Tricks Inquire about the setting times of the cement you have chosen and remove the casting mold punctually after the time has elapsed. If you wait longer, the retarder can penetrate too deeply into the exposed aggregate concrete and cause pebbles to loosen.