What does a wasp's nest consist of?

A wasp's nest looks like a construction made of paper mache. There is a certain affinity between species, whereby the basic material of the nest consists of wood fibers instead of paper. The wasps mix the wood with saliva and use the malleable mass to build their nests. When dry, a thin-walled and rigid structure is created.

Mouldable modeling clay solidifies when it dries

A wasp queen begins to use the wood fibers and remains to form a horizontal honeycomb panel. The structure of this plate offers the first honeycomb-shaped egg-laying chambers that are used by the young queen. Construction will continue when the first workers have hatched. As the wasp's nest continues to emerge, new honeycombs are "glued" under the base plate and the material is connected with support struts. As the levels or floors grow, the workers begin to put a multilayered protective cover around the honeycomb. The rounded walls give the typical rounded to spherical outer appearance of a wasp nest.

Slight differences in color effect and texture

First conclusions about the wasp species can be drawn from the color of the nest. Common wasps and hornets prefer rotten wood as material that is already rotted and often dry. This creates a beige and rather light modeling clay. The other species use weathered wooden surfaces on the surface. Dead tree wood and weathered stakes and fences are used for replenishment. Gray wasp nests are made from this raw material.

The specific textures of the individual wasp species can be recognized by experts and assigned to the corresponding wasp species. Even if there is a random factor for optical structures, the direction and course of lines and structures is particularly instructive.

Some specific properties of the building material

  • Wasp nests change permanently until the sex animals leave in August. The building material can be "re-glued" as desired.
  • When a wasp's nest begins to go moldy, it can develop a stench. Therefore, wasps always build in dry places.
  • Wasp nests burn like tinder and act like a fire accelerator after ignition.
Tips & Tricks As long as a wasp's nest is not contaminated with poisonous pollutants such as insecticides (keyword anti-wasp foam), it can be disposed of as a purely biological and ecological substance in nature.