Wonderful variety: there are these types of wall plaster

The rough classification of the plasters is made between mineral plasters and dispersion plasters: While some are based on minerals, the others contain organic substances as binders without any lime or cement. These two groups are in turn divided into several subspecies, which we would like to analyze in more detail here. With a little luck, you will finally know which product is right for you.

Dispersion plaster versus mineral plaster: a brief comparison

Mineral plasters are usually available in the form of a dry mortar, which you still have to prepare with water. Some products have already been processed into ready-to-use mortar. Dispersion plasters], on the other hand, are almost always prepared, but you should stir them vigorously before using them.

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The typical mineral plaster is pleasantly breathable, with a high pH value it has a preventive effect against mold. The typical dispersion plaster, on the other hand, is somewhat less diffusible and needs biocidal additives to declare war on mold.

The different types of wall plaster in detail

The mineral wall plaster types

  • Gypsum plaster is only suitable for interiors, the main binding agent is gypsum. It can withstand sporadic exposure to moisture, but must always dry thoroughly and must never become permanently damp.
  • Lime plaster is bound with hydrated lime, depending on its composition, it is suitable for both inside and outside. The material has a high pH value that works against fungi and bacteria.
  • Clay plaster consists of loamy earth, but in most cases it contains organic plant fibers. This type of wall plaster is considered particularly healthy indoors, it regulates the humidity and creates a pleasant room climate.
  • Clay gypsum plaster is a mixture of clay plaster and gypsum plaster. This material is stronger than pure clay plaster, but can withstand moisture better than pure plaster of paris. Individual layers can be up to 40 millimeters thick without tearing.

Wall plaster types based on dispersion

  • Dispersion-based decorative plaster is particularly easy to process and can optionally be applied with a spatula, roller, brushed or sprayed. Laypeople particularly like to use this type of product.
  • In spite of its name, colored stone plaster is not minerally bound. This dispersion plaster with a multicolor effect is used for the high-quality design of wall surfaces, it contains colored quartz, gravel or marble.
Tips & Tricks Of course there are many more different types of wall plaster, we can only offer you a brief insight into this topic. Take a close look around the specialist trade, you might discover exciting new products there.